Completed in 2014 for the US Forest Service, the South Toe Dam removal project in Burnsville, North Carolina was historically constructed out of wood to serve as a “rough fish passage”. Current fish passage issues required the historical dam to be removed and the profile to be adjusted by a large boulder cross vane. Two large individual pools both upstream and down were created to create habitat and a holding area for aquatic species but to also generate bed material to narrow up the pre-existing overly widened channel to assist with sediment transport.